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Industrial Salt (India Origin)

Industrial Salt (India Origin)
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Country Origin : China Appearence : White Crystals
CAS No. : 7647-14-5 H.S. Code : 2501.00.19
Formula : NaCl Common Names : Sodium chloride
IUPAC Name : Sodium chloride
Packaging : 500 @ 50 kg PP/PE bag, 25 MT / 20'FCL
  • Description
  • Application
Brief Overview

 Industrial salt, also known as sodium chloride has a chemical formula NaCl. It is an ionic salt and exists as white crystalline solid. It is readily soluble in water and slightly soluble most other liquids and insoluble in concentrated hydrochloric acid. Sodium chloride has a characteristic taste and can be found as a major component in edible salt.

 The thermal conductivity of sodium chloride decreases with increasing temperature and also decreases with doping. Sodium cations are metallic conductors and when temperature increases, the thermal populations of higher energy levels in the molecular orbits are expected to bring about an increase in conductivity. However, thermal vibrations of the nuclei produce electrical resistance and this effect is sufficiently enhanced at higher temperature, resulting in a decrease in conductivity of the metal at higher temperature.



Manufacturing Process

 Sodium chloride exists in abundance naturally as mineral, halite. They can be mined by pumping water into mines to dissolve the rock salt. The water is then allowed to evaporate such that NaCl recrystallized and collected for further processing and purification for industrial consumption. Sodium chloride can also be collected by evaporating brine from underground salt deposits and seawater. Saturated brine is then passed through a series of recrystallization ponds where sodium chloride salt will crystallize out. The crystals are isolated, further purified using crystallization, processed and standardized for industrial consumption.



Detergent Industry

Sodium chloride main function in detergent industry is as inert filler. It is the most commercially effective viscosity increasing agent to turn powder detergent to fluid. It is especially effective for anionic detergent in the presence of alkylolamides. It makes up the majority of the detergent with their primary role to modify and alter the physical properties of the compound.

 

Textile Industry

Sodium chloride is used for rinsing in textile processing to separate organic contaminants and help with salt out of dyestuffs precipitate. Dyes are generally negatively charged and they get absorbed to the positively charged sodium cations readily. They will form insoluble compounds and eventually precipitate out, allowing easy removal and isolation. It is also used to blend with concentrated dyes to standardize them.